Thursday, September 22, 2016


Conservation programs at parks and zoos have combined forces with farmers, working to increase bison populations. Today there are about 200,000 bison in ranches and reserves.
With their large, sharp horns, bison are formidable foes. During mating season, bulls fight for the right to breed with harems of cows, but rarely duel to the death.

Bison and Her Calf
Bison cows give birth after nine months and nurse their calves for about a year. Calves are able to stand shortly after birth, but remain vulnerable to wolves and bears until they reach maturity at the age of about three years.
Two male bison spar in a field. Males battle for mating primacy, but such contests rarely turn dangerous.

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

Willie Nelson and Neil Young standing in solidarity (wearing buffalo robes) w/ the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe! #NoDAPL


Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

Willie Nelson and Neil Young standing in solidarity (wearing buffalo robes) w/ the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe! #NoDAPL


Sunday, May 15, 2016


S.C. Gwynne on the Apache Wars

The Savage War v. Apaches was horrible but archaeological sites show they fought each other pre 1492 in savage wars.

The Savage War in the West

The Apache armies did not go gently. They went down in an exceptional spasm of violence.

Saturday, April 9, 2016

Chippewa Indians Migration To Nunavut (Silent Enemy)


Published on Feb 14, 2014
saved through oral tradition, this 56 minute film from 1930, details an
event which commenced the Ojibway Indians trek to the Barren Lands or
Barren Grounds, in search of food and happiness. 

Silent Enemy (famine)
begins with the Ojibwa Indians living far to the south where forests and
lakes abound. 

They first commenced a southward migration but were
forced to change plans. As a result of less game, the Ojibwe Indians
agree to migrate north into what is the Barren Grounds of far northern
Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and the Barren Grounds of far
northern Alaska. 

They knew the caribou in the 100,000s, if not millions,
left the forest to head north into the barren lands each spring and
stayed until autumn. The Caribou Eaters food supply was bountiful and
from food preservation allowed them to live permanently in the barren

Chief Yellow Robe stars as Chetoga. He was directly related to
chief Sitting Bull. Though it is thought that Silent Enemy was inspired
by the 1922 film Nanook of the North, it is the clear subject of a
migration up north which provides a story for this film. It is dramatic
and realistic. 

The animal fight scenes are not fake. It was filmed in
northern Alaska. You'll notice scenes filmed outdoors during frigid

Brave were the actors, especially chief Yellow Robe who was
either 63 or 69 when the movie was made. Chief Dagwan represents the
Hare Indians who were known to be conjurers. They are also known as
Sahtu which is probably a mispronunciation of Saulteaux. 

They are the
northern most Saulteaux or Chipewyan. All Athabascan or Dene people are
Algonquin according to the 1832 Edinburgh Encyclopedia which recorded
the Dene being from the Lenni Lenape or Delaware people.

  • Category Education

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C-SPAN Cities Tour - Helena: Nicholas Vrooman "The Whole Country Was...O...

 Learn about the history of the Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of
Montana and their struggle to become a federally recognized tribe from
historian Nicholas Vrooman.



Rebuilding Indian Country - 1933


Indians make fishnets. Indians work on roads with tractors, picks, and
shovels, stand in line at a field kitchen, engage in native handicrafts,
and spear salmon on the Columbia River. Pima Indians farm. Shows an
Indian Emergency Conservation camp. Indian children attend church in

Transcript (PDF):

Department of the Interior. Division of Motion Pictures.

Picture, Sound, and Video Records Section, Special Media Archives
Services Division (NWCS-M), National Archives at College Park, 8601
Adelphi Road, College Park, MD, 20740-6001.

For information about
ordering reproductions of moving images held by the Motion Picture,
Sound, and Video Records Section, visit:

Department of the Interior. Bureau of Reclamation.(06/20/1923 -11/06/1979 ), Producer

More information is available in the National Archives online catalog:

  • Category Education

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